Nontarget Effects of Biological Control

Cover of: Nontarget Effects of Biological Control |

Published by Springer .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Botany & plant sciences,
  • Microbiology (non-medical),
  • Pest control,
  • Science/Mathematics,
  • Food Science,
  • Forest Diseases And Pests,
  • Pesticides,
  • Technology & Industrial Arts,
  • Technology,
  • Life Sciences - Botany,
  • Agriculture - General,
  • Science / Botany,
  • Forests & Forestry,
  • Agricultural pests,
  • Biological control,
  • Biological pest control agents,
  • Environmental aspects

Edition Notes

Book details

ContributionsPeter A. Follett (Editor), Jian J. Duan (Editor)
The Physical Object
FormatHardcover
Number of Pages336
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL7809869M
ISBN 100792377257
ISBN 109780792377252

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Nontarget Effects of Biological Control is the first book of its kind. The environmental safety of biological control has come under scrutiny due to several areas of concerns: the irreversibility of alien introductions, the prevalence of host switching to innocuous native or beneficial species, dispersal of the biocontrol agent to new habitats away from croplands, and the lack of Format: Hardcover.

About this book. Nontarget Effects of Biological Control is the first book of its kind. The environmental safety of biological control has come under scrutiny due to several areas of concerns: the irreversibility of alien introductions, the prevalence of host switching to innocuous native or beneficial species, dispersal of the biocontrol agent to new habitats away.

Introduction. Nontarget Effects of Biological Control is the first book of its kind. The environmental safety of biological control has come under scrutiny due to several areas of concerns: the irreversibility of alien introductions, the prevalence of host switching to innocuous native or beneficial species, dispersal of the biocontrol agent to new habitats away from croplands, and.

The Frequency and Strength of Nontarget Effects of Invertebrate Biological Control Agents of Plant Pests and Weeds; P.

Stiling, D. Simberloff. The Impact of Nontarget Concerns on the Practice of Biological Control; R.H. Messing. Nontarget Effects of Biological Control. [Peter A Follett; Jian J Duan] -- Nontarget Effects of Biological Control is the first book of its kind.

The environmental safety of biological control has come under scrutiny due to several areas of concerns: the irreversibility of. Case histories of past biological control introductions from island and continental ecosystems are presented. The first part of the book deals with general perspectives on non-target effects.

Six, 4 and 3 chapters, respectively, cover case studies of non-target effects of control programmes using parasitoids and predators, biological control programmes against weeds and biological control. Request PDF | Nontarget Effects of Biological Control | Biological control is a powerful tactic that has been used to obtain many significant, well documented economic and public health benefits.

A great deal of work has been dedicated to the notion of “nontarget” effects, particularly as they relate to chemical control methods, but only recently have we begun to critically assess what exactly constitutes a “nontarget.” From a simple perspective this would seem to be self-evident—all organisms other than the pest are by: Click on the article title to read more.

NONTARGET EFFECTS OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. are also traits that enhance the probability of unexpected ecological effects when native species are within the potential host range. As invasive species proliferate and pressure to control them grows, the need to understand the ecological effects of biological control increases.

Environmental. In some instances, substantial effects on nontarget species have occurred because generalist natural enemies established as part of a biological control program.

Classical biological control of weeds currently operates under the assumption that biological control agents are safe (i.e., low risk) if they do not directly attack nontarget species. However, recent studies indicate that even highly host-specific biological control agents can impact nontarget species through indirect by: Nontarget effects of biological control agents.

Greg J. Boland. Department of Environmental Biology, and. Author for correspondence (email [email protected]) Search for more papers by this author. Theresa Brimner. Department of Botany University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G by: 8.

CABI Book Chapter Evaluating indirect ecological effects of biological control. Key papers from the symposium "Indirect ecological effects in biological control.

Evaluating Indirect Ecological Effects of Biological Control. Annotation. A major concern for biological control has always been the risk of indirect unwanted effects on the ecology of other organisms.

Our understanding of the ecological and evolutionary processes underlying these effects has until now been limited, and experimental methods are sometimes book presents the key papers form the first International Organization for Biological Control 5/5(1).

Biological control is an environmentally sound and effective means of reducing or mitigating pests and pest effects through the use of natural enemies. The aim of Biological Control is to promote this science and technology through publication of original research articles and reviews of research and theory.

The journal devotes a section to reports on biotechnologies dealing. Nontarget effects of biological control agents. Greg J.

Boland. raises several concerns over aspects of our review on the non‐target effects of fungi being used as biological control agents of plant diseases (Brimner & Boland, ). much of the available evidence on non‐target effects of biological controls is not published because Cited by: 8.

Controversy exists over ecological risks in classical biological control. We reviewed 10 projects with quantitative data on nontarget effects. Ten patterns emerged: (a) Relatives of the pest are most likely to be attacked; (b) host-specificity testing defines physiological host range, but not ecological range; (c) prediction of ecological consequences requires population data; (d) level Cited by: Abstract.

Abstract: Damage to nontarget (native) invertebrates from biological control introductions is rarely documented. We examined the nontarget effects of a generalist parasitoid fly, Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachinidae), that has been introduced repeatedly to North America from to as a biological control agent against 13 pest species.

This book is the outcome of a unique gathering of specialists to discuss and debate the benefits and risks associated with biological control.

After intensive interaction it was concluded that we must place greater emphasis on the benefits, while not ignoring the potential risks.

Abstract Non-target impacts of parasitoids and predaceous arthropods used for classical biological control of invasive insects include five types of impact: (1) direct attacks on native insects; (2) negative foodweb effects, such as competition for prey, apparent competition, or displacement of native species; (3) positive foodweb effects that benefited non-target.

During the last decades, research and application of biological control agents (BCAs) as a pest control strategy have gained increasing attention. This review focuses specifically on non-target effects of bacterial BCAs that are Cited by: Biological control or biocontrol is a method of controlling pests such as insects, mites, weeds and plant diseases using other organisms.

It relies on predation, parasitism, herbivory, or other natural mechanisms, but typically also involves an active human management can be an important component of integrated pest management (IPM) programs.

There are three basic. Non-target Effects of Biological Control Non-target Effects of Biological Control Hawkins, Bradford A. Ecology, 81(11),pp. â by the Ecological Society of America NON-TARGET EFFECTS Follett, Peter A., Jian J.

Duan, editors. Nontarget effects of biological control. Kluwer Academic, Norwell, p. Controversy exists over ecological risks in classical biological control.

We reviewed 10 projects with quantitative data on nontarget effects. Ten patterns emerged: Relatives of the pest are most likely to be attacked; host-specificity testing defines physiological host range, but not ecological range; prediction of ecological consequences requires population data; level of impact varied Cited by:   Natural Enemies: An Introduction to Biological Control gives a thorough grounding in the biological control of arthropods, vertebrates, weeds, and plant pathogens through use of natural enemies.

The book is intended for undergraduate students and others wishing to learn the basics of biological control. Ann Hajek discusses the reasons why biological control.

Nontarget Effects of Biological Control. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers; pp. – McEvoy PB, Higgs KM, Coombs EM, Karaçetin E, Starcevich LA. Evolving while invading: rapid adaptive evolution in juvenile development time for a biological control organism colonizing a high-elevation environment.

Evolutionary by: Damage to nontarget (native) invertebrates from biological control introductions is rarely docu-mented. We examined the nontarget effects of a generalist parasitoid fly, Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachin-idae), that has been introduced repeatedly to North America from to as a biological control agent against 13 pest species.

Fig. Community modules showing pathways for nontarget eVects of biological control agents (after Holt and Hochberg, ). The Wrst four interactions resulting in nontarget eVects (A–D) involve host inW-delity on the part of the biological control agent, but the last nontarget eVect can occur for even highly host-speciWc biological control Cited by: Endangered Cactus Restoration: Mitigating the Non-Target Effects of a Biological Control Agent (Cactoblastis cactorum) in Florida.

Louda SM, Kendall D, Connor J. Simberloff D. Ecological effects of an insect introduced for the biological control of weeds. Science. ; – Louda SM, Pemberton RW, Johnson MT. Follett PA. Nontarget effects - the achilles’ heel of biological control. Retrospective analyses to reduce risk associated with biocontrol Cited by: Adverse effects of chemical pesticides on nontarget organisms, food safety, and development of insect resistance have forced the scientific communities to focus on the development of alternative eco-friendly measures.

The biological plant protection with entomopathogenic fungi has a key role in a sustainable pest management program.

Abstract: Damage to nontarget (native) invertebrates from biological control introductions is rarely docu-mented. We examined the nontarget effects of a generalistparasitoidfly, Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachin-idae), that has been introduced repeatedly to North America from to as a biological control agent against 13 pest species.

A Guide to Biological Control of Fall Armyworm in Africa Using Egg Parasitoids Tadele Tefera1, effects on nontarget organisms, as well as other adverse effects to the purpose of this book is to provide guidelines on mass rearing systems for both theFile Size: 3MB.

Recommended Citation. Pearson, Dean E., "Nontarget effects of host-specific biological control agents" (). Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional by: comprehensive review on the methods used to assess non-target effects in biological control and a book in which questions on environmental risk assessment of arthropod biological control are addressed will be published in the near future (Bigler et al.

Since the methodology of classical and augmentative arthropod biocontrol became formally recognized by pest managers at the beginning of the 20th century, conceAuthor: Jian J.

Duan, Jian J. Duan. Abstract: Damage to nontarget (native) invertebrates from biological control introductions is rarely documented. We examined the nontarget effects of a generalist parasitoid fly, Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachinidae), that has been introduced repeatedly to North America from to as a biological control agent against 13 pest species.

We tested the effect. Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more.

A review of nontarget effects of insect biological control agents: concepts and examples in SearchWorks catalog. Disturbances place a premium on searching efficiency that allows rapid parasitoid population growth. These findings suggest that indirect nontarget effects of biological control may depend on agricultural practices and the consequent disturbance regime of human‐dominated by:.

The possibility of such effects has been known, but Louda's work "is the most complete assessment of nontarget effects in biological control to date," says ecologist Peter B. McEvoy of Oregon State University in Corvallis.

Her data fill a .biological control have become extremely complex and controversial. To adequately address the topic would require more time and space than we have been allotted here. In fact, the nontarget effect of biological control is the subject of several recent books.1 Before we attempt to examine and summarize a few of the key points, we.Studies related to the effect of insecticides on insect pests and nontarget organisms, such as natural enemies, are traditionally accessed by the estimative of lethal effects, through mortality data.

Due to the limitations of the traditional methods, recent studies in the past three decades are assessing the sublethal effects of insecticides upon several important biological traits of Cited by:

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